What is Cholera?
Cholera is a bacterial infection contracted by consuming food or drink that has been contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Not everyone will display symptoms and sometimes the symptoms will be acute, similar to Travellers' Diarrhoea. However, severe symtoms can occur in a matter of days - or even hours - and the results can be fatal.
What Are The Symptoms?
Cholera infections can produce symptoms with varying degrees of severity. Some individuals have no symptoms at all. However, some people may experience a number of symptoms including severe diarrhoea, nausea, and abdominal pains.
How Is It Contracted?
Similar to Typhoid.
Cholera is usually transmitted by food and water that has been contaminated by sewage.
Important sources of infection are:
- Shellfish from sewage polluted beds
- Contaminated raw fruit and vegetables
- Contaminated milk and milk products
- Pollution of water sources
- Ice cream and contaminated ice in drinks
Who Is At Most Risk?
Certain groups of people will be at greater risk than others.
- Overseas travellers visiting the high-risk areas detailed below
- All infants and young children
Where Are You At Risk?
Cholera transmission has stopped in almost all industrialised countries. However, travellers are still at risk in areas that suffer from poor hygiene and/or limited access to clean water. The following area in particular:
- Sub-Saharan Africa
- South and Southeast Asia
- The Middle East
- Central America and the Caribbean
The Cholera vaccine is taken orally as a drink, which is given in two or three separate doses that are taken one to six weeks apart.
When Should You Be Vaccinated?
Take the vaccine well in advance of travelling.
Does The Vaccine Have Any Side Effects?
Like most injections, some people may experience tenderness and redness at the site of the injection. Some people may suffer from headaches, fever, nausea, stomach pains or diarrhoea.
Source Of information
GlaxoSmithKline, Wikipedia, local doctors, local hospitals, newspaper articles, various.
Travel Related Diseases
Thailand is an incredibly photogenic country, both for its landscapes and its people. Regardless of whether you enjoy large Asian cities, beaches and islands, or rice fields and mountains, Thailand has something for you and it is a dream destination for photographers.
One of the great things about visiting Thailand is that hotels are plentiful and a lot cheaper than in most other countries. I always use Agoda to book hotels in Thailand. The company was established in Thailand and has great local knowledge, as well as a huge inventory of hotels.
If you click on one of the destinations opposite you will get a list of hotel deals from Agoda. It's generally a good idea to book on-line because you will get a good room rate and you won't suffer the disappointment of arriving at a hotel to find that it is full.
I book hotels regularly in Thailand and I have always found Agoda to be the best on-line travel agent. At times I have spent a lot of time researching hotel prices and although other deals sometimes look better at first I always end up returning to Agoda.
If you don't wish to pay for your hotel at the time of booking, Booking.com normally allows you to pay when you check in at the hotel. Some people prefer this method, but I have always found Booking.com to be more expensive than Agoda.
If you want to compare prices between different on-line travel agents (OTAs) for a specific hotel, you can use a company such as HotelsCombined. However, you will normally find that Agoda is the cheapest and therefore you can save yourself time and money by just booking through Agoda in the first place.
Images of Thailand