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Links To Other Travel Disease Pages

  • Travel Related Diseases [more]

Elsewhere On Phil.UK.Net

Page Contents

  • What Is Polio? [more]
  • What Are The Symptoms? [more]
  • How Is It Contracted? [more]
  • Who Is At Most Risk? [more]
  • Where Are You At Risk? [more]
  • Vaccination [more]
  • When Should You Be Vaccinated? [more]
  • Does The Vaccine Have Any Side Effects? [more]
  • Source Of Information [more]


Hospital in Thailand

Hospital in Thailand


Get The Best Deal When Booking Hotels In Southeast Asia

I have lived in Thailand since 2003 and book hotels in Thailand and the Southeast Asia region at least six times a year.

Every time I book a hotel I spend lots of time researching prices to make sure that I get the best room rate. I look at several on-line booking sites and if the hotel has a web site (many do) I check the direct rates.

Nonetheless, I always find that I end up booking with the same company. Agoda. Getting the room I need with the extras I need for the dates I need is always cheapest with Agoda.

Agoda isn't perfect. I don't like the 'Fear Of Missing Out (FOMO)' psychology with the web site design, for example, always being told that lots of other people are looking at the same hotel and that there is only ever one room left. However, this seems to be a general industry tactic that is used by all on-line travel agents.

When I have needed to contact the Agoda customer assistance staff I have always had my problems resolved and generally the booking process is very straightforward.

Most importantly, I always find that Agoda offers the best rates (even when they add on tax and a service charge) and on many occasions the difference hasn't been insignificant. There have been some huge differences with room rates when compared with other websites and even when booking directly with hotels.

Don't just take my word for it. Give them a try, you might be surprised.

Polio | Symptoms, Treatment, Vaccines


What is Polio?

Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly contagious and infectious disease caused by the polio virus. This enters the body through the mouth and multiplies in the throat and intestines. The disease attacks the nervous system and can cause paralysis, which is almost always permanent. In the most severe cases, polio is fatal.

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What Are The Symptoms?

Polio infections can produce symptoms with varying degrees of severity. The majority of individuals have no symptoms at all. However, some people may experience a number of symptoms including fever, headaches, vomiting, constipation, stiffness in the neck and pain in the limbs.

Of those who do contract polio, only a small percentage will develop the paralytic disease.

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How Is It Contracted?

Transmission of the polio virus most often occurs through either person to person contact, or by faecal-oral contact - as a result of poor hand washing, from ingestion of contaminated food or water, and in environments where hygiene and sanitation are poor. Those infected with the virus can excrete the virus in their stools for several weeks and are most contagious 7 to 10 days before and after the onset of symptoms.

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Who Is At Most Risk?

Certain groups of people will be at greater risk than others.

These include:

  • Overseas travellers visiting the high-risk areas detailed below
  • All infants and young children

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Where Are You At Risk?

Polio transmission has stopped in almost all industrialised countries, and remaining countries are expected to be free from polio by 2005. However, travellers are still at risk in the following areas:

  • Indian subcontinent
  • Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and Angola

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Following several epidemics throughout the early to mid 20th century, there has been a worldwide effort to eliminate the virus. While the disease is now rare in the Western and Northern Hemispheres owing to vaccination, it remains common in some parts of the world. Vaccination is available through your doctor's surgery.

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When Should You Be Vaccinated?

Polio vaccination is usually given as a live oral vaccine, which is deposited directly onto the tongue. In he past, administering it with a sugar lump masked the bitter taste of the vaccine. This practice has fallen out of favour owing to the risk of tooth decay.

Infants should be vaccinated with a series of doses at an early age, and then boosters given before starting and leaving school. Individuals born before 1958 may not have been vaccinated as part of the childhood immunisation programme, and should check whether they need to complete a polio vaccination programme as adults. Anyone considering travel to an area where the disease is more common should consult his or her practice nurse or doctor for polio vaccination advice.

If you have never been vaccinated against polio, you can have your first dose at any time, followed by two or more doses at intervals of four weeks. Although a booster dose is not routinely necessary for adults, it is advisable for those exposed to continuing risk - travellers to high risk areas and healthcare workers exposed to the polio virus - to have a single booster dose every 10 years.

Check with your practice nurse as soon as you have decided where and when you are travelling, and they will advise on an appropriate vaccination schedule for you.

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Does The Vaccine Have Any Side Effects?

Few side effects occur following polio vaccination.

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Source Of information

GlaxoSmithKline, Wikipedia, local doctors, local hospitals, newspaper articles, various.

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Visit Thailand

Thailand is an incredibly photogenic country, both for its landscapes and its people. Regardless of whether you enjoy large Asian cities, beaches and islands, or rice fields and mountains, Thailand has something for you and it is a dream destination for photographers.

One of the great things about visiting Thailand is that hotels are plentiful and a lot cheaper than in most other countries. Each link on the right will take you to the relevant page on the Agoda website where you can see photos, read reviews, and book on-line. I use Agoda to book all of my own hotels in Thailand and the Southeast Asia region. Agoda hotel rates are usually always the lowest and I have received good customer service, therefore I am happy to recommend the company to other people. Here is some analysis I did regarding booking hotels in Southeast Asia. used to be more expensive than Agoda, but when I have checked hotel prices recently I have found their rates to be quite competitive. Unlike Agoda, you don't need to pay at the time of booking with - you can simply pay at the hotel when you check in. Also, show you total prices whereas Agoda show you a price and then add on 17% for tax and service charge.

If you wish to compare prices between different on-line travel agents (OTAs) for a specific hotel, you can use a company such as HotelsCombined.

Images of Thailand

Images of Thailand