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Thailand | Climate

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A  small flood in Hat Yai during December 2003

A small flood in Hat Yai during December 2003


Hotels Deals

I live in Southeast Asia and have booked hundreds of hotels in this region. I have spent many hours researching hotel prices to get the best deal and I always end up booking through Agoda. Their rates are far lower compared to other companies or booking directly with hotels. Give them a try!

Thailand - Climate

General Overview

Thailand is a tropical country governed by the Southwest and Northeast monsoons. The climate differs from area to area but, in very general terms, it can be divided into three seasons. The so-called 'cool' season is when most foreign visitors come to Thailand and runs from about November to February. Cool is a relative term.

This time of year may be cooler than other times of year in Thailand but by Western standards it is certainly not cool. It is the most comfortable time of year to be in the country and coincides with the worst time of year (weatherwise) in Europe and North America. These months see increased numbers of foreign visitors and sharp price rises - the laws of supply and demand in action.


A storm gathers bringing some welcome relief to the heat of the Thai hot season

A storm gathers bringing some welcome relief to the heat of the Thai hot season


The hot season runs from about March to May. In southern Thailand, where I live, the temperature during the hot season can exceed 35°C, but I have never known it exceed 40°C. However, in the northern region the temperature can exceed 40°C.

The highest temperatures in Thailand were:

  • 44.5°C in Uttaradit on 27th April 1960
  • 43.9°C in Udon Thani on 28th April 1960
  • 43.7°C in Tak on 16th April 1983
  • 43.5°C in Tak on 25th April 2004
  • 42.9°C in Prachin Buri on 23rd April 1990

Source: The Nation

In the central and northern regions the rainy season runs from about June to October. Down south, the wettest months are October, November and December. The amount of rainfall varies by region and, being tropical rainfall, the rain can be extremely heavy. At certain times the storm drains cannot handle the volume of water and flash flooding occurs. Occasionally, there is far more serious flooding.

Being fairly close to the equator the hours of daylight don't vary much throughout the year. It starts to get dark around 6:30pm and light again around 12 hours later.

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When Is The Best Time To Visit Thailand?

This is quite a subjective question. There is no one answer and everyone has their own personal preferences.

From a purely weather point of view, the best time for foreigners to visit Thailand is when it is neither too hot nor too wet. December, January and February are probably the best months.

I actually think the best weather occurs during the rainy season when it doesn't actually rain, however, the weather during the rainy season is unpredictable and if it rains heavily during your vacation you won't be able to do much outside.

Good weather can be guaranteed in December and January, but this is when everyone wants to visit Thailand. The weather is cold in Europe at that time and people choose to travel over the Christmas/New Year break.

With so much demand, hotel prices rocket skywards and tourist resorts become very crowded. If, like me, you prefer quiet places and low prices it may be worth taking a gamble and travelling at a different time of the year.

There may be persistent rain during the rainy season, but at other times of year (in the south from around May to September) there are just summer storms in the afternoon. The mornings are normally very pleasant, but the sky gets dark after lunch and there are storms in the afternoon.

This type of rainy weather isn't actually too bad. You can do outdoor activities in the morning and if it rains in the afternoon you can go shopping or get a massage.

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Tropical Thailand is understandably humid but possibly not as humid as some other places I've been to, such as Singapore or the southern United States.


Rusty refrigerator

Rusty refrigerator


High humidity isn't very comfortable - causing you to feel sticky all the time - and it can lead to dehydration very quickly. It can also be detrimental to clothes and other possessions.

The photo above shows what it did to the refrigerator in my old rented room in the space of two years. The front of the door became completely covered in rust.


Humidity absorbers

Humidity absorbers


This isn't a problem if you are only visiting Thailand for a vacation, but if you live in Thailand permanently you should guard against humidity. I have a purpose-built dry cabinet for my camera equipment and using A/C lowers the humidity as well as lowering the temperature.

To prevent humidity damaging clothes and making them smell you can buy small dehumidifier boxes from any department store. These are simply plastic boxes that contain some dessicant. They absorb water from the air and eventually become full. I use larger ones in my wardrobe and the small ones in various drawers. They work quite well but fill up with water quickly so need replacing fairly often.

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The Hot Season

The hot season in Thailand isn't much fun and although I have acclimatised after living in Thailand since 2003 I still find that it gets far too hot for comfort. When the temperature gets to around 35°C my forearms start to get very itchy and this is because of the heat.

I find it impossible to do any work outside and spend a lot of time indoors. Fortunately it doesn't last too long and summer storms that arrive soon after the hot season provide some welcome respite.

The peak of the hot season is April, but it is very hot for about two months either side.

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Where I live in southern Thailand I don't think the temperature has ever dropped below 25°C. There is no cool season in southern Thailand - just a rainy season and a hot one. Local Thais, who are used to living in 30+ degrees of heat all the time complain that it is cold when the temperature drops to 25°C, but everything is relative.

In northern Thailand there is a cool season and in some parts of the country the temperature can go down to zero. I have never heard of snow in Thailand, but ground frosts do occur. December and January are the coolest months in Chiang Mai.

If you are travelling to the north during the cool season you will need some warm clothes for the evenings and mornings.

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Air Conditioning

I have read and heard a lot of nonsense about air conditioning. According to some environmentally conscious, 'real' travellers it is a luxury for package tourists and not required in Thailand. Rubbish.

If you feel too hot, turn on the A/C. The temperature in some hot countries cools down overnight, but not in Thailand. It remains very hot at night and this can make it very difficult to sleep.

All cars and the vast majority of buildings in Thailand have A/C. If you are hot, use it.

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Visit Thailand

Thailand is an incredibly photogenic country, both for its landscapes and its people. Regardless of whether you enjoy large Asian cities, beaches and islands, or rice fields and mountains, Thailand has something for you and it is a dream destination for photographers.

One of the great things about visiting Thailand is that hotels are plentiful and a lot cheaper than in most other countries. Each link on the right will take you to the relevant page on the Agoda website where you can see photos, read reviews, and book on-line. I use Agoda to book all of my own hotels in Thailand and the Southeast Asia region. Agoda hotel rates are usually always the lowest and I have received good customer service, therefore I am happy to recommend the company to other people. Here is some analysis I did regarding booking hotels in Southeast Asia. used to be more expensive than Agoda, but when I have checked hotel prices recently I have found their rates to be quite competitive. Unlike Agoda, you don't need to pay at the time of booking with - you can simply pay at the hotel when you check in. Also, show you total prices whereas Agoda show you a price and then add on 17% for tax and service charge.

If you wish to compare prices between different on-line travel agents (OTAs) for a specific hotel, you can use a company such as HotelsCombined.

Images of Thailand

Images of Thailand